Bodrum is one of the most extensively visited and one of the most famous places in Turkey. According to legend it was built by the Dorians and Lelegians in the 11th century BC. In the 7th century BC, it fell to the Lydians and in the next century to the Persians.
Herodotus, who is known as the father of history, was born in Halicarnassus. The Mausoleum, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was found in this city.
The famous King Mausolos made Halicarnassos the capital of the kingdom of Caria and in his time it was one of the cities that successfully repelled the attacks of the Persians. This resistance was eventually useless and the city passed into the hands of other kingdoms and finally lost its importance.
During the Middle Ages the Knights of St. John, based in Rhodes, built a Crusader castle which still stands in Bodrum and the city recovered some of its old importance.
It came under the dominance of the Ottomans in 1552. During the period of the Ottoman Empire and the early Republic, it was used as a place of banishment for dissidents and intellectuals. Cevat Şakir was banished here for three years but when his time was up he returned here to settle and stayed for the rest of his life. He wrote many books about the area under the pen-name “The Fisherman of Halicarnassus”.